The Weirdest Satellites of Our Solar System


The strangest types of satellites in our solar system. One can only wonder about its different features!

Since childhood a lot of people were amazed by cosmos and universe. Look at some interesting information about our solar system in our article!

Among satellites of the planets in the solar system there can occur the most interesting: Europe is completely covered with ocean, in Io reigns real volcanic hell, Epimetheus and Janus are constantly chasing each other and sometimes swap their places… Our solar system mostly consists of the Sun and eight planets. Of course, in the first place people are amazed by our “neighbors” – Mars, Jupiter, Saturn… However, moons orbiting the planets can be also quite interesting. 
 

1.       Ganymede – the largest moon. At first glance, Ganymede is very similar to our Moon, but the sizes of both satellites are not comparable. Ganymede is the largest moon of Jupiter and of the entire solar system. It even has its own magnetic poles – a unique case for planetary satellites. If Ganymede orbited the Sun, it could be considered as a real planet: Jupiter’s moon is 8% larger than Mercury and is ¾ of Mars’s size. 


 2.       Miranda – The Ugly Duck. Moons of Uranus are not very good-looking, however, Miranda is really the Ugly Duck among them. It seems as if the creator of all moons of the solar system at the end of the day pasted together the remained after the working day trash, and threw it on the orbit of Uranus. However, if people will ever be able to land on this satellite, they will see the sight they haven’t ever seen. Miranda has the most varied landscape in the solar system: the giant ridges alternate with deep valleys and many canyons are 12 times deeper than the famous Grand Canyon. 

3.       Callisto. It has a record number of craters. Another moon of Jupiter – Callisto – most likely resembles a face of pimply teenager. There is no geological activity on Callisto, so only that fact makes the moon unique in the solar system. That is why craters, which appeared after the fall of meteorites, constantly overlap. It is very hard to find an untouched part in Callisto – all the satellite is covered with a network of craters, and that makes it a record holder in the solar system. 


4.       Dactyl. Dactyl is the satellite of asteroid. It is the smallest satellite in the solar system; its length is around 1.6 kilometers. It is also one of the few moons orbiting the minor planets – asteroids. In Greek mythology, by name Ida was called a mountain, where have lived minor creators – dactyls (fingers). It is therefore logical that the satellite of asteroid Ida got such a name. 

5.       Epimetheus and Janus – the eternal race. Epimetheus and Janus are both the satellites of Saturn, which move in almost identical orbits, probably because before they were a single satellite. Herewith, every four years they swap their places, and every time miraculously avoid a clash.

 6.       Enceladus. It is one of the largest inner moons of Saturn. The surface of Enceladus reflects almost all sunlight that falls upon it, that is why this moon of Saturn is considered as the most reflexive space body in the solar system. Enceladus also has geysers, which emit water vapor and dust in space. Researchers assume that thanks to volcanic activity of its satellite, Saturn got a ring E, through which passes through the orbit Enceladus.


7.       Triton – the satellite with ice volcanoes. Triton is the biggest satellite of Neptune. It is also the only moon in the solar system, which orbits around its planet in the direction, opposite to planet’s motion around the sun. Triton has a lot of volcanoes, but unlike the usual ones emitting lava, the volcanoes of this Neptune’s moon emit water and ammonia, which immediately freeze due to very low temperature.

8.       Europe – a satellite-ocean. Europe is one more satellite of Jupiter and it is one of the smoothest surfaces in the solar system. All Europe is covered with ocean with a thick layer of ice on the surface. However, under the ice there is a big amount of water, which is heated through the inner core of the satellite and constant currents caused by the gravitational pull of Jupiter. It is enough to say that ocean of Europe contains 2-3 times more water than all oceans of Earth together.

9.       Io – volcanic hell. Constant tidal gravitational influence of the giant planet Jupiter causes a regular heating of subsurface of its satellite Io, and that leads to unceasing volcanic activity. The entire surface of Io is covered with volcanoes.


10.   Titan – the best candidate for colonization. Titan is, perhaps, the most bizarre satellite in the solar system. It has long been known that it has an atmosphere, and it is much denser than one of Earth. In the atmosphere of Titan prevails titanium, but there are other gases also, such as methane.

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